April 2014 Joint Program by SIETAR Kansai Chapter and JALT Osaka: Film Analysis: Word and Image Combinations in Romantic Comedy Scenes

Speaker:      Dr. Kumiko Kizu

Date:         April 13, 2014 Sunday  15:00~17:00

Venue:       Nishinomiya Daigaku Koryu Center (ACTA East Tower 6F, Room 2)

2 minutes from Hankyu Nishinomiya Kitaguchi station,   Tel.(0798)69-3155    http://www.nishi.or.jp/homepage.daigaku/

Fee:          Free for members and students;      500 yen for non-members

Language:    English (questions & answers in Japanese and English)

Social event:  Dinner after the session at a restaurant. Reservations required

by April 11.  Contact Miho Yoshioka uskj30641@iris.eonet.ne.jp

Contact address for the program: sietar.kansai2@gmail.com

No application needed for the program.
Description of presentation:

Films are multimedia. They are constructed of images and sounds
(language, music and sound effects), and we understand scenes based on
the combinations of these two media. How are the two media combined?
Are there any regularities found in the combinations of sounds and images in films? These matters have often been discussed in the fields of film criticism and film studies. It has been argued that the two media are instinctively combined by the filmmakers (editors) and that priority is given to images over sounds in deciding their combinations. This may be reasonable given that images are indispensable to films–without images films would no longer be films. However, how about conversational scenes where words play a major part?
This presentation analyzes the combinations of words and images
in films from a linguistic point of view, borrowing the methodology of
Conversation Analysis. The focus is on typical two-party conversational scenes in which two characters are shown in close-up one after the other (this pattern is called the shot/ reverse-shot exchange). Close attention is paid to how turn-taking between the characters is displayed on screen. Scenes from romantic comedies, such as Before Sunrise and You’ve Got Mail will be cited as examples. This research aims to contribute to a better understanding of our comprehension of multimedia discourse.


Profile of presenter:
Dr. Kumiko Kizu is a native of Kobe. She received her PhD from Kobe City University of Foreign Studies in 2013. Her doctoral dissertation, Taking Turns at Talk on Screen, is about the correlation between words and images in films. She studies cinematic discourse particularly from a pragmatic and communicative point of view. Her research interests include Conversation Analysis and multimedia discourse. She teaches at Kobe City University of Foreign Studies, Kobe City College of Technology and the University of Hyogo.